Thursday, January 5, 2017


On January 17, 2017, 166 viewers had read this post.


But you may view the answers to each week.
Scroll down to the links.
Eighteen (18) Weekly assignments will be:
      Monday:  An episode of the LENAPE history.
      Wednesday: Ancient artifacts of evidence.
       Friday:  LENAPE--Old NORSE meanings
       Saturday:  Answers & discussion
All Viewers are welcome to observe any and all posts.
To earn a diploma, viewers must answer 60% of the questions.
         The questions are for discussion.
         The questions should be entered in the
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To earn a diploma with Honor, viewers must answer 70% of the questions.

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To earn a diploma with Highest Honor, viewers must answer 90% of the questions.

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Friday, November 25, 2016


I told you we had a
 ruling priest in the light
 on the other side.
[AD 1831, Lenape historian's emphatic statement
 to Moravian Priests, who saw and heard
 only a pagan half naked man in a "NEW" world.]
In ordinary times the LENAPE lived in sod houses having thick roofs in a land where it was always winter.

The homestead was given to the eldest sons. The younger sons had to leave home.  They became hunters.  They camped from coast to coast throughout North America.
The animals ruined the land where it was always winter.  The Lenape migrated to the Rice Rivers in Minnesota, where they “saved themselves”.
The people who stayed in the land where it was always winter learned a new religion.
Priests of the new religion came to the Rice Rivers and to the east coast of North America.  The kids were taught the new religion via pictographs and memory stanzas.
The cousins at the Rice Rivers separated and migrated through out all the land
at the rate of 10 to 20 miles a year for two centuries.
 Then the climate turned very cold.  The open water marvels in Ungava Bay were the only places to find food.
The people, from where the weather was always winter, decided, via a democratic process, to migrate en mass to the Rice River area in Minnesota.
The migration of thousands of LENAPE was a heroic migration feat over many years.  At first they only got to James Bay.
Geese and whales in James Bay sustained the throng of  thousands of people.  The number of people actually increased.
The LENAPE hunters had a government by council meeting, which included the local people.  [The United States government is a government by council.]
The council appointed a judge, which had red hair.  [The U.S. government is a government by council with a supreme court.]

A rescue team from beyond the land of always winter came to save the LENAPE people.  No one turned back.
The leader of the rescue team died in a boat wreck.  The LENAPE returned to James Bay.  The lost of a leader, a boat and  a route to salvation depressed the LENAPE trapped in James bay.
A priest helped maintain hope.  The LENAPE had to guard their meager resources.
Snowbird, a leader, suggested scattering to migrate to the south.
White Beaver, another leader, took some of the LENAPE east to Connecticut.
Snowbird took the rest of the LENAPE to the Rice River area.  The LENAPE historian described Lake Winnipeg and Sisseton, SD as locations reached at the end of a year’s migration.
Snowbird’s LENAPE had friends all around.  Suddenly there were “ten men dead.”  Remaining in place without adequate food was more dangerous than continued migration.
The next stanza tells of a peaceful land around Big Stone Lake.  The main group of LENAPE migrated south at a rate of about 20 miles per year.
The LENAPE migrated to Minnehaha, which means “small waterfall.”  [Minnehaha county SD.]
Some type of deadly disturbance was occurring along the Missouri.  The LENAPE fled to the caves in eastern Minnesota.
A few years later the main group of LENAPE migrated down the west bank of the Mississippi until they came to the Missouri River again near the Mississippi.
The LENAPE grew crops on the Missouri lands.  East of them villages were being destroyed.  Aggressive people from the west came to the LENAPE lands on the Missouri. 
The LENAPE chose to cross the Mississippi, going east.
Many towns in the Ohio region joined the protection of the LENAPE.  

The LENAPE migrated east, hoping to reach the Atlantic Coast
In Ohio the LENAPE and the Shawnee divided.  The LENAPE went to the New Jersey area.  The SHAWNEE went south.  The Shawnee became the more powerful group.
In AD 1585 the Shawnee historian recorded the arrival of the “2nd” English Voyage to North America.  
The English Captain Ralph Lane shot the Shawnee historian.  The LENAPE history stopped.

Friday, September 23, 2016


I told you we had a
 ruling priest in the light
 on the other side.

Tuesday, September 6, 2016


 The NORSE spread throughout North America.
c AD 1325

After moving down from the snowy land
and discreetly leaving the cousins separated
through out all the land.

Where was the snowy land?

The snowy Land was from the northern settlement in Greenland through the Christian Sea.  Maybe the snowy land was considered to be as far south as Lake Winnipeg.   The Lenape history says the land south of Lake Winnipeg was “the pleasant land.”

Why did the cousins separate?

The cousins separated to settle into homes and land of their own.  Even today, Scandinavians in the Dakotas and Minnesota live in homes at some distance from their friends and relatives.  Scandinavians resolve “freedom of speech” issues by moving away and living apart.

Where was “all” the land they spread “though out?”

The Cousins spread through out the land around the Christian Sea, through out the MISSISSIPPI basin and along the Atlantic coast.  Most of the Americans east of the Rockies spoke a dialect of Old Norse.
_________________ part B__________
   TOC MEANING under LINGUISTICS.  FOLLOW the hints to find the meaning of MISSISSIPPI and MISSOURI
My computer has limited Internet access because of Malware issues. Those will be fixed by the middle of next week.  Meanwhile, I am relying on memory, which has failed a couple of times lately.

“Mis” evolved from Old Norse “Mestr,” which means “Mighty.” “sippi” evolved from Old Norse “Sipi.” which means “flowing water.”  “Sip” and” Seeping” came from the same source.

So “Mississippi” means mighty flowing water.”

Old Norse people often “named” animals and some things by the sounds they make. 
For example a strong longbow makes a “Tana” sound.  “Montana” means, “Mighty bow.”
During the time the cousins discreetly left to separate through out the land, their first objective may have been to get to the Mississippi and the Missouri.
The rowboat routes going south from Lake Winnipeg.
The major highways south of Winnipeg appear to be built along the old canoe routes that were in existence before the Little Ice Age.]

_____________ PART C__________________


Can you recognize the features on the coast that are seen in the map on the stone?

I think the Spirit Pond stone is a map of the Atlantic Coast from Hamilton Inlet towards the next big bay to the south.

The SPIRIT POND MAP fits best with the land south of the Hamliton Inlet.  The Hamliton inlet is the site of the battle detailed in the Norse Sagas.

Do you think the map on the stone is authentic?

I think the map is authentic.  A person, who tries to make a similar map today, would have to work hard to make the stone look old and few people even know there were stone punchers north of New Found land.  Furthermore the Spirit Pond Stones, and sixty-nine (69) other navigational rune stones are strong evidence that many of the cousins rowed along the coast.

Monday, September 5, 2016



To have fish,
ten mates bad thrusts,
lift themselves up, sit far away.

Wtenk ayamek tellen sakimak machi tonanup shawapama.


The Historian tells of ten mates dead.
Do the markers agree?

Some authorities say the mates died of the plague.
Would the phrase “Bad thrusts” support a plaque?

Why did the historian use the phrase
“lift themselves up, sit far away?
 After them, Peaceable was the Judge
at the pleasing land.

Wtenk nellamawa sakimanep langundowi akolaking.

After the Historian tells of ten mates dead.
He wrote of Peaceable at the Pleasing Land.

What could have happened?

The pictograph implies that the Judge was NOT a LENAPE,
or that the Historian was copying an old pictograph.
Or both?

What is your opinion?

Friday, August 19, 2016

WEEK 15, Part C, OGEMA

Snowbird had been south before.

Snowbird and the LENAPE did not have GOOGLE MAPS, but if they had had such a map, the destination that Snowbird advocated would have looked like this.

Notice that the route between the two OGEMAS is not straight lines, which may indicate that the route existed before modern engineers installed roads.

What does Ogema (or Ogima) mean?

“Look at a magnified segment of the Eastern Omega’s Land.


The village of ULEN has the “Len” syllable.  The “U” might be similar to “OO.”   

ULEN is on the Little Rice River, where the grain (rice) seeds itself by dropping into the water.  Several American legends revolove around migrations to find the land of the self-seeding grain.  

A sword, which a man on the rescue team may have carried, was found near Ulen.

Do you think that this village may have been a campground for thousands of the Greenland Catholics, who spoke Old Norse?

The “Dal” of the village called “HITTEDAL” means “valley” (Like “Kanal Dal,” which became “Canada.”)

What does “Hitte” mean? [Hint: look for “hetta”.]